Eeffect of Blade Thickness on Noise Pollution of H-type Darrieus Wind Turbines: A Numerical study

Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Arak University of Technology, Arak, Iran

2 Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran


Noise pollution is one of the biggest problems of wind turbines, especially when these turbines are located near residential areas. In this article, the effect of blade thickness is numerically investigated on the noise pollution of an H-type Darrieus wind turbine. The flow is first simulated using the unsteady Reynolds averaged Navier-Stokes equations and the SST-kω model at the tip speed ratio of 2.64. Then, the noise is calculated using Ffowcs Williams-Hawkings equations. Blade thickness is changed using NACA airfoils from NACA 0008 up to NACA 0024. It is concluded that noise calculation at only one point, known as a routine method in noise investigation of wind turbines, is insufficient to investigate the noise of this turbine. Here, maximum noise in directivity is defined as the criterion of noise pollution. The results show that changing the blade profile of the benchmark turbine from NACA 0021 to NACA 0015 increases the power coefficient from 0.318 to 0.371 and reduces the maximum noise from 95.67 dB (76.35 dB) to 90.19 dB (71.01 dB) at R = 2 m (8m). For NACA 0018, the power coefficient is 0.353, and the maximum noise is 89.78 dB (70.47 dB) at R = 2 m (8m). Overall, the highest output power is for NACA 0015, and the lowest noise pollution is for NACA 0018.


Main Subjects

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