Energy Analysis for Two Production Systems of Cucumber

Document Type : Original Article

Authors

Department of Agriculture, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran

Abstract

This research, conducted in Gotvand, southwest of Iran, compared the energy consumption of two cucumber production systems: field and greenhouse production systems. In this study, energy inputs of two production systems of cucumber (including seed, pesticide, human labor, machinery, diesel fuel, electricity, organic manure, chemical fertilizer) were determined from questionnaires completed by farmers. The results of the experiment indicated that the energy input of the two cultivation systems was not significantly different in input energies. In both cucumber production systems, the most input energy was allocated to nitrogen fertilizer (57% and 53% for field and greenhouse, respectively) followed by diesel fuel (21% in both production systems). Non-renewable energies accounted for 90 and 88% of the total energy input to the farm and greenhouse systems, respectively. Total output energy of field and greenhouse cucumber production system was 33000 and 34000 MJ, respectively. Reducing the consumption of nitrogen fertilizer through the use of appropriate crop rotation is a suitable solution to improve energy efficiency in the cucumber production system.

Keywords

Main Subjects


  1. Esmaeili Shayan, M., Hayati, M.R., Najafi, G., and Esmaeili Shayan, S., 2022. The Strategy of Energy Democracy and Sustainable Development: Policymakers and Instruments. Iranian Journal of Energy and Environment, 13(2), pp.185–201. Doi: 10.5829/IJEE.2022.13.02.10
  2. Abbas, A., Zhao, C., Waseem, M., Ahmed khan, K., and Ahmad, R., 2022. Analysis of Energy Input–Output of Farms and Assessment of Greenhouse Gas Emissions: A Case Study of Cotton Growers. Frontiers in Environmental Science, 9, pp.1–11. Doi: 10.3389/fenvs.2021.826838
  3. Eskandari, H., and Attar, S., 2015. Energy comparison of two rice cultivation systems. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 42, pp.666–671. Doi: 10.1016/j.rser.2014.10.050
  4. Pimentel, D., 1992. Energy inputs in production agriculture. Energy in farm production, 6, pp.13–29
  5. Karimi, M., RajabiPour, A., Tabatabaeefar, A., and Borghei, A., 2008. Energy analysis of sugarcane production in plant farms a case study in Debel Khazai Agro-industry in Iran. American-Eurasian Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Science, 4(2), pp.165–171
  6. Çetin, B., and Vardar, A., 2008. An economic analysis of energy requirements and input costs for tomato production in Turkey. Renewable Energy, 33(3), pp.428–433. Doi: 10.1016/j.renene.2007.03.008
  7. Aweda, F.O., and Samson, T.K., 2022. Relationship between Air Temperature and Rainfall Variability of Selected Stations in Sub-Sahara Africa. Iranian Journal of Energy and Environment, 13(3), pp.248–257. Doi: 10.5829/IJEE.2022.13.03.05
  8. Eskandari, H., 2023. Contribution of Production Inputs to Energy Consumption in Wheat Production System for Providing a Solution to Improve Energy Consumption. Iranian Journal of Energy and Environment, 14(1), pp.53–57. Doi: 10.5829/IJEE.2023.14.01.07
  9. Paris, B., Vandorou, F., Balafoutis, A.T., Vaiopoulos, K., Kyriakarakos, G., Manolakos, D., and Papadakis, G., 2022. Energy use in open-field agriculture in the EU: A critical review recommending energy efficiency measures and renewable energy sources adoption. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 158, pp.1–17. Doi: 10.1016/j.rser.2022.112098
  10. Rokicki, T., Perkowska, A., Klepacki, B., Bórawski, P., BeŇādycka-Bórawska, A., and Michalski, K., 2021. Changes in Energy Consumption in Agriculture in the EU Countries. Energies, 14(1570), pp.1–20. Doi: 10.3390/en14061570
  11. R. D. Grisso, M. F. Kocher, and D. H. Vaughan, 2004. Predicting Tractor Fuel Consumption. Applied Engineering in Agriculture, 20(5), pp.553–561. Doi: 10.13031/2013.17455
  12. Mohammadi, A., Rafiee, S., Mohtasebi, S.S., and Rafiee, H., 2010. Energy inputs – yield relationship and cost analysis of kiwifruit production in Iran. Renewable Energy, 35(5), pp.1071–1075. Doi: 10.1016/j.renene.2009.09.004
  13. Ghaderzadeh, H., and Pirmohamadyani, Z., 2019. Evaluation Efficiencies of Energy for Potato Production in Hamedan Province of Iran. Agricultural Economics Research, 11(42), pp.167–202. (In Persian)
  14. Payandeh, Z., Jahanbakhshi, A., Mesri-Gundoshmian, T., and Clark, S., 2021. Improving Energy Efficiency of Barley Production Using Joint Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) and Life Cycle Assessment (LCA): Evaluation of Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Optimization Approach. Sustainability, 13(11), pp.1–16. Doi: 10.3390/su13116082
  15. Safa, M., and Tabatabaeefar, A., 2002. Energy consumption in wheat production in irrigated and dry land farming. In: Proceeding of the 2002 International Agricultural Engineering, Wuxi, China. pp 85–95
  16. Maysami, M., and Jalali, A., 2020. Evaluation of Energy Input-Output in Wheat Crop Cultivation in Agro-industry Company of Mazare Novin Iranian (Agh Ghalla). Journal of Agricultural Science and Sustainable Production, 30(2), pp.333–346. (In Persian)
  17. Yadav, R.N., Singh, R.K.P., and Prasad, S., 1991. An Economic Analysis of Energy Requirements in the Production of Potato Crop in Biharsharif Block of Nalanda District (Bihar). Economic Affairs (Calcutta), 36(2), pp.112–119
  18. Pandiaraj, T., Selvaraj, S., and Ramu, N., 2015. Effects of Crop Residue Management and Nitrogen Fer tilizer on Soil Nitrogen and Carbon Content and Productivit y of Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) in Two Cropping Systems. Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology, 17, pp.249–260
  19. Chen, J., Haijun, Y., Hao, L., Zhifang, Z., and Mei, L., 2019. Micro-properties of Molding Products between Modified Corn Stalk and Pulverized Coal. Iranian Journal of Energy and Environment, 10(2), pp.72–79. Doi: 10.5829/IJEE.2019.10.02.01
  20. Sander, B.O., Quilty, J., Balingbing, C., Castalone, A.G., Romasanta, R., Alberto, M.C.R., Sandro, J.M., Jamieson, C., and Gummert, M., 2019. An assessment of irrigated rice production energy efficiency and environmental footprint with in-field and off-field rice straw management practices. Scientific Reports, 9(1), pp.1–12