Document Type : Original Article
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Arak University of Technology, Arak, Iran
In this study, the simultaneous effect of suction and blowing on the boundary layer and the effect of control parameters on the flow separation from a NACA 0012 airfoil is numerically analyzed. Reynolds number is considered 500000 , and the shear stress transport (SST) k-w turbulence model is used to estimate eddy viscosity. The airfoil is supposed to be 2-D. To validate the numerical results, they were compared with reported experiments. In the flow control by simultaneous suction and blowing, the location of the suction jet was 0.1 of the airfoil chord from the fixed leading edge, and that of the blowing jet was 0.5, 0.7, and 0.9 of the airfoil chord from the leading edge. When the blowing location is at 0.5 of the airfoil chord, better results are observed than I n; other locations. An increase in suction jet velocity increases the lift-drag ratio between 22% and 55%. Also, increasing the blowing jet velocity increases this ratio between 43% and 55%. Horizontal blowing has the most negligible effect on improving aerodynamic characteristics. Based on the results, at the angle of attack of 16°, blowing is most effective in the flow control at with an approximate velocity of half the free stream velocity. In this condition, vertical suction has the best effect , and the lift-drag ratio will increase by 76%.