An Overview of the Environmental and Health Consequences of Air Pollution

Document Type : Review paper


Department of Chemistry, Dr. Hari Singh Gour University, Sagar M.P., India


The problem of air pollution has ramifications for human health, the environment, and a variety of living sectors. Modern technology has resulted in air pollution and its damaging effects, while also driving the world to make every effort to overcome its negative repercussions. The origin, chemical composition, size, and mode of discharge inside or outdoor environments have all been proven to be air pollutants. Industrial, commercial, mobile, urban, regional, farm, and natural sources of indoor pollutants include cooking and combustion, particle matter rehabilitation, materials used for resources, temperature control, and consumer items, smoking, heating, and organic compounds. Indoor Pollutant Sources Air pollution has an impact on the body, including respiratory systems and heart disorders. Asthmatics, bronchiolitis, lung disease, cardiovascular problems, central nervous system malfunction, and skin conditions are the most common respiratory disorders, as are chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The challenges posed by outdoor air pollution are public health risks such as cardiovascular disease, respiratory ailments, COPD, and world-class asymmetry. The impacts of human activities on air quality and climate change may be realized at several sizes, ranging from urban to regional to continental to global. Rapid population growth and increased energy consumption are the principal drivers of massive amounts of hazardous chemicals and greenhouse gases entering the atmosphere, with serious consequences for health and the environment.


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