Investigation of an Offset Finned Solar Air Heater Based on Energy and Exergy Performance

S. Rai; P. Chand; S. P. Sharma

Volume 7, Issue 3 , July 2016, Pages 212-220

  This paper represented theoretically investigation of energy and exergy performance of an offset finned solar air heater. Parametric study was done to investigate the effect of variation of offset fin parameters i.e. fins spacing (1 to 5cm) and fins height (1.8 to 5.8cm) at different mass flow rates ...  Read More

Evaluation of Methane Adsorption on the Modified Zeolite 13X

M. Anbia; A. Sedighi; S. Salehi

Volume 7, Issue 3 , July 2016, Pages 221-225

  In this study nano structured zeolite 13X as adsorbent for methane gas was used. Ni and Al ions were used to modify the pores of the zeolite and the methane gas adsorption capacity was measured at room temperature and pressure between 1 to 12 bars. The textural properties and structure order of the zeolite were ...  Read More

Performance of Closed Cylindrical Parabolic Trough Collector for Solar Thermal Application

H. B. Kulkarni

Volume 7, Issue 3 , July 2016, Pages 226-232

  A Cylindrical parabolic trough (CPT) collector of aperture width 1.03 m and length of 1.82m was designed and fabricated. CPT was covered with glass of thickness of 3 mm to avoid convective heat loss. Reflector coated with polished aluminum sheet having reflectivity 0.87 and receiver tube made of mild ...  Read More

Prediction of the Effects of Combustion–Generated Pollutant on Human Health: Mathematical Models and Numerical Solutions

M. G. Sobamowo

Volume 7, Issue 3 , July 2016, Pages 233-242

  The rapid increase in technological innovations and utilizations have adversely affected the environment and consequently continued to constitute a threat to the future survival of human. To counter these assaults and the threats of further degradation of the environment and human health, the basic recommended ...  Read More

Steam Explosion as the Pretreatment Method for Ethanol Production from Orange Peel Waste

J. M. Patra; S. S. Panda; N. K. Dhal

Volume 7, Issue 3 , July 2016, Pages 243-246

  Citrus fruits world production is estimated to be over 88 million tons per year, and oranges alone account for about 55% of such amount. Orange peel waste (OPW) is the solid residue of membranes, cores, juice sacs, etc which represents over 50% of the processed fruits. Its disposal is of great concern ...  Read More

Heavy Metal Remediation Potential of a Tropical Wetland Earthworm, Libyodrilus violaceus (Beddard)

E. O. Dada; K. L. Njoku; A. A. Osuntoki; M. O. Akinola

Volume 7, Issue 3 , July 2016, Pages 247-254

  Wetlands play important strategic ecological and life-supporting roles. As a result, they are continuously exposed to pollutants inflow including heavy metals. The aim of this research was to evaluate the heavy metal remediation potential of a tropical wetland earthworm, Libyodrilus violaceus. L. violaceus ...  Read More

Investigations on Performance and Emission Characteristics of Mix Oil Biodiesel Blends

S. Mohite; S. Kumar; S. Maji

Volume 7, Issue 3 , July 2016, Pages 255-261

  An experimental investigation was carried out to analyze the performance and emission characteristics of a diesel engine fuelled with  biodiesel blends (10, 20 and 30%) obtained by mixing karanja and linseed oil and diesel. Brake thermal efficiencies of  biodiesel blends were found  to ...  Read More

Trend of Six Physiochemical Water Quality Parameters between 2012 and 2015 of the Marang River, Terengganu, Malaysia

N. Hairoma; M. G. Barzani; M. E. Toriman

Volume 7, Issue 3 , July 2016, Pages 262-267

  An environmental study was carried out at Marang River, Terengganu on determination of river water quality trend variations temporally and spatially at seven sampling stations between 2012 and 2015. Sampling stations were selected along the river started from downstream to upstream; where each station ...  Read More

Reduction of Nitrogen Oxides Emissions in a Single Cylinder Compression Ignition Engine Using Cool Exhaust Gas Recirculation System

M. V. Kumar; A. V. Babu; P. R. Kumar; B. Narendra

Volume 7, Issue 3 , July 2016, Pages 268-273

  In various countries around the world, the emissions of NOX from petrol/gasoline and diesel engine vehicles are restricted by legislation. NOX is produced in the combustion chamber of engines at high temperatures and high pressure. One of the most promising technology for effective control of NOX emissions ...  Read More

BaBiO3 Assisted Photodegradation of Malachite Green Dye Under Visible Light Irradiation: Adsorption and Degradation Kinetics

K. Sharma; S. Jain; U. Chandrawat

Volume 7, Issue 3 , July 2016, Pages 274-281

  Nano sized BaBiO3 is prepared through Pechini method and characterized by SEM, XRD, FTIR, DT-TGA and UV DRS. The kinetic studies of adsorption and degradation phenomena involved in the photocatalytic degradation of Malachite Green dye using a batch reactor under visible light were investigated. Experiments ...  Read More

Lignin Decolorization and Degradation of Pulp and Paper Mill Effluent by Ligninolytic Bacteria

A. K. Ojha; M. Tiwari

Volume 7, Issue 3 , July 2016, Pages 282-293

  The aim of this research work is to isolate bacterial strains with high potential in the degradation and decolorization of lignocellulose compounds of paper mill effluent. Four bacterial strains were isolated from marine sediments and they were screened to their ability to degrade the lignin and decolorize ...  Read More

Bulk Liquid Membrane Process for The Transport and Kinetics Study of Malachite Green From Textile Wastewater

M. Sathya; G. Muthuraman; S. Elumalai

Volume 7, Issue 3 , July 2016, Pages 294-303

  A bulk liquid membrane (BLM) system contained Di (2-ethyl hexyl) phosphoric acid (D2EHPA) as an extractant was used for transport of malachite green (MG) dye from textile wastewater. D2EHPA present in n-hexane is an effective, efficient and highly selective carrier for the transport of MG dye through ...  Read More

Adsorption of CO2 on Zeolite 13X Prepared from Modified Natural Iranian Kaolin

V. Garshasbi; M. Jahangiri; M. Anbia

Volume 7, Issue 3 , July 2016, Pages 304-307

  Synthesis of zeolite 13X from modified natural Iranian kaolin at 65˚C for 72 h at various concentration of NaOH solution was investigated. Metakaolinization process was done at 900˚C for 2 h. NaOH solution with different concentrations, 1.0, 1.5, 2.0, 2.5, 3.0, 3.5 and 4 M were separately mixed with ...  Read More

Synthesis of Biodiesel from Palm Kernel Oil Using Mixed Clay-Eggshell Heterogeneous Catalysts

M. A. Olutoye; O. D. Adeniyi; A. S. Yusuff

Volume 7, Issue 3 , July 2016, Pages 308-314

  The synthesis and characterization of clay-eggshell mixed catalysts was carried out for the transesterification of palm kernel oil using methanol as solvent. Clay from anthill and waste chicken eggshells were powdered and mixed via incipient wet impregnation in 50-50, 80-20 and 20-80% proportions of ...  Read More