Design and Development of Cylindrical Parabolic Collector for Hot Water Generation

K. H. Bhujangrao

Volume 7, Issue 1 , January 2016, Pages 1-6

  Today’s India is in need of generating power at higher rate to maintain adequate supply of electricity to users for development and growth of Nation. Non renewable energy sources like coal and petroleum products are the major sources utilized for power production. To reduce the gap between demand ...  Read More

Harnessing Alternative Technology for the Sustainability of Biodiesel Production

E. J. Eterigho; T. S. Farrow; D. O. Agbajelola; S. E. Ejejigbe; A. P. Harvey

Volume 7, Issue 1 , January 2016, Pages 7-11

  Biofuel, a renewable energy is mainly produced by transesterification of fatty acids either in presence of enzyme or catalysts. The transesterification relies on the use of either strong base or strong acid homogeneous catalysts for effective performance; but, homogeneous catalysts are associated with ...  Read More

Production of Biodiesel from a Mixture of Karanja and Linseed Oils: Optimization of Process Parameters

S. Mohite; S. Kumar; S. Maji; A. Pal

Volume 7, Issue 1 , January 2016, Pages 12-17

  Karanja and linseed are the potential non-edible oil crops which can be used for the biodiesel production. The main objective of this study is to find out the feasibility of using a mixture of karanja oil and linseed oil to produce biodiesel. Karanja oil has high amount of free fatty acid in it and linseed ...  Read More

Kinetic Modeling and Simulation of Pyrolysis of Shrinking Biomass Particle in Fixed Bed Gasifier

M. G. Sobamowo; S. J. Ojolo; C. A. Osheku; A. J. Kehinde

Volume 7, Issue 1 , January 2016, Pages 18-30

  Pyrolysis plays an integrated role in the biomass conversion processes. The development of good mathematical models which in consequent leads to the design of pyrolysis reactors. The biomass gasifier is paramount in the scientific studies and understanding of the very important process in the thermochemical ...  Read More

Optimisation of the Coagulation-Flocculation of Reactive Dye Wastewater Using Novel Inorganic-Organic Hybrid Polymer

C. Xin-Hui Su; T. Tow Teng; N. Morad; M. Rafatullah

Volume 7, Issue 1 , January 2016, Pages 31-38

  A novel inorganic-organic hybrid polymer of magnesium chloride-polyethylene oxide (MgCl2-PEO) was prepared, characterised and applied in the coagulation-flocculation of a reactive dye, Cibacron Blue F3GA (RCB). The hybrid polymers were prepared in various ratios and their conductivity and viscosities ...  Read More

Removal of Heavy Metals from Wastewater Using Tribulus terrestris Herbal Plants Powder

S. Sasikala; Govindaraju Muthuraman

Volume 7, Issue 1 , January 2016, Pages 39-47

  The potential of economically cheaper Tribulus terrestris was assessed for iron adsorption from aqueous solutions. The effects of pH, Contact time, sorbent dose, initial metal ion concentration and temperature on the uptake of iron were studied in batch process. Chemical treatment processes are ineffective ...  Read More

Kinetic Studies on Water Absorption Properties of Cocoa-pod Epoxy Composites

I. P. Ehi; J. K. Bidemi; L. E. Yahaya

Volume 7, Issue 1 , January 2016, Pages 48-51

  The kinetic and characteristics of water absorption of cocoa-pod husk filler reinforced epoxy composite by short-term immersion at room temperature was studied. Composite specimen containing 5, 10, 20 and 30% filler volume fraction were prepared. The percentage of moisture uptake increased as the fibre ...  Read More

Removal of Toxic Metallic Ions Cr(VI), Cu(II), Ni(II), Co(II) and Cd(II) from Waste Water Effluents of Tanneries by Using Punica granatum (Pomgranate) Membrane

H. Saeed; F. S. Chaudhry; S. Rehman; Z. Rashid; A. Ijaz; J. A. Awan

Volume 7, Issue 1 , January 2016, Pages 52-57

  The biosorption of toxic metal ions from tannery wastewater effluents was studied with the aid of adsorbent prepared by physicochemical treatment of pomegranate’s membrane (inner whitish material). The results showed that the physicochemical treated  Punica granatum (pomegranate) membranes/ ...  Read More

Equilibrium Sorption of Lead (II) in Aqueous Solution Onto EDTA-modified Cocoa (Theobroma cacao) Pod Husk Residue

L. E. Yahaya; A. K. Akinlabi

Volume 7, Issue 1 , January 2016, Pages 58-63

  The adsorption of lead (II) ions onto EDTA- modified cocoa pod husk (CPH) in an equilibrium system was investigated. Kinetics, mechanism and thermodynamic parameters were estimated. Adsorption capacity was rapid and time dependent as appreciable level of Pb (II) uptake was achieved at an optimum contact ...  Read More

Photocatalytic Degradation of Anti-inflammatory Drug on Ti Doped BaBiO3 Nanocatalyst under Visible Light Irradiation

S. Jain; K, Sharma; U. Chandrawat

Volume 7, Issue 1 , January 2016, Pages 64-71

  Nanosized perovskites BaBiO3 and BaBi4Ti4O15 were prepared using Pechini method. These structures were confirmed through thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), X-ray diffraction (XRD), UV-Vis diffusion reflection spectroscopy (UV-Vis DRS), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) and scanning electron ...  Read More

Assessment of Treatment Efficiency of Lysimeter Leachate Using Leachate Pollution Index

I. M. Rafizul; M. Alamgir

Volume 7, Issue 1 , January 2016, Pages 72-83

  This study illustrates the leachate treatment efficiency based on leachate pollution index (LPI) of pre- treatment leachate as well as post-treatment leachate with chemical coagulants. Leachate samples were collected at regular intervals of time from the leachate collection chamber of the landfill lysimeter ...  Read More