Application of Response Surface Methodology for the Prediction of Different Operating Parameters in the Production of Mesua Ferrea Oil Methyl Ester

Document Type : Original Article

Authors

1 Department of Mechanical Engineering, GITAM Deemed to be University, Visakhapatnam, India

2 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Andhra University, Visakhapatnam, India

3 Department of Botany, Andhra University, Visakhapatnam, India

Abstract

This study is projected to regard as characteristics related to the viability of the preparation of methyl ester from Mesua ferrea oil through transesterification using Trisodium phosphate (Na3PO4) and Tripotassium phosphate (K3PO4). Na3PO4 and K3PO4 have high catalytic properties intended for the reaction of transesterification and cost-effective compared to other catalysts. The transesterification process was undergone at diverse operating constraints such as methanol to oil molar ratio (4:1 to 12:1), catalyst concentration (0.75 to 1.75%), and reaction temperature (55-70oC). The duration of transesterification was fixed at 60 min. The maximum yield was obtained at a molar ratio of 8:1 and a catalyst concentration of 1.25% at a reaction temperature of 65oC for the duration of one hour. The yield of Mesua ferrea oil methyl ester (MFOME) with K3PO4 catalyst has specified more compared to Na3PO4. Further, the MFOME was analyzed for physic-chemical properties and all the properties were found to be matched with ASTM standards. Particularly, the superior cetane number was achieved with MFOME. The biodiesel yield of RSM predicted values using both catalysts were well correlated with experimental results.

Keywords


  1. Wakil, M.A., Kalam, M.A., Masjuki, H.H., Atabani, A.E. and Fattah, I.R., 2015, Influence of biodiesel blending on physicochemical properties and importance of mathematical model for predicting the properties of biodiesel blend, Energy Conversion and Management, 94, pp.51-67.
  2. Serrano, M., Oliveros, R., Sánchez, M., Moraschini, A., Martínez, M. and Aracil, J., 2014, Influence of blending vegetable oil methyl esters on biodiesel fuel properties: oxidative stability and cold flow properties, Energy, 65, pp.109-115.
  3. DemirbaƟ, A., 2002, Biodiesel from vegetable oils via transesterification in supercritical methanol, Energy conversion and management, 43(17), pp.2349-2356.
  4. Ramadhas, A.S., Muraleedharan, C. and Jayaraj, S., 2005, Performance and emission evaluation of a diesel engine fueled with methyl esters of rubber seed oil, Renewable energy, 30(12), pp.1789-1800.
  5. Demirbas, A., 2009, Production of biodiesel fuels from linseed oil using methanol and ethanol in non-catalytic SCF conditions, Biomass and bioenergy, 33(1), pp.113-118.
  6. Agarwal, D., Kumar, L. and Agarwal, A.K., 2008,  Performance evaluation of a vegetable oil fuelled compression ignition engine, Renewable energy, 33(6), pp.1147-1156.
  7. Cavalcante, K.S., Penha, M.N., Mendonça, K.K., Louzeiro, H.C., Vasconcelos, A.C., Maciel, A.P., de Souza, A.G. and Silva, F.C., 2010, Optimization of transesterification of castor oil with ethanol using a central composite rotatable design (CCRD), Fuel, 89(5), pp.1172-1176.
  8. D’Oca, M.G.M., Haertel, P.L., De Moraes, D.C., Callegaro, F.J., Kurz, M.H., Primel, E.G., Clementin, R.M. and Morón-Villarreyes, J.A., 2011, Base/acid-catalyzed FAEE production from hydroxylated vegetable oils, Fuel, 90(2), pp.912-916.
  9. Jiang, S.T., Zhang, F.J. and Pan, L.J., 2010, Sodium phosphate as a solid catalyst for biodiesel preparation. Brazilian Journal of Chemical Engineering, 27(1), pp.137-144.
  10. Guan, G., Kusakabe, K. and Yamasaki, S., 2009, Tri-potassium phosphate as a solid catalyst for biodiesel production from waste cooking oil, Fuel Processing Technology, 90(4), pp.520-524.
  11. Rad, A.S., Nia, M.H., Ardestani, F. and Nayebzadeh, H., 2018, Esterification of waste chicken fat: sulfonated MWCNT toward biodiesel production, Waste and biomass valorization, 9(4), pp.591-599.
  12. Ebrahimi, S., Najafpour, G.D. and Ardestani, F., 2017, Transesterification of waste cooking sunflower oil by porcine pancreas lipase using response surface methodology for biodiesel production, Applied Food Biotechnology, 4(4), pp.203-210.
  13. Komers, K., Machek, J. and Stloukal, R., 2001, Biodiesel from rapeseed oil, methanol and KOH. 2. Composition of solution of KOH in methanol as reaction partner of oil, European journal of lipid science and technology, 103(6), pp.359-362.
  14. Ali, E.N. and Tay, C.I., 2013, Characterization of biodiesel produced from palm oil via base catalyzed transesterification, Procedia Engineering, 53, pp.7-12.
  15. Ali, O.M., Mamat, R., Abdullah, N.R. and Abdullah, A.A., 2016, Analysis of blended fuel properties and engine performance with palm biodiesel–diesel blended fuel, Renewable Energy, 86, pp.59-67.
  16. ASTM D6571-01, 2001, Standard Test Method for Determination of Compression Resistance and Recovery Properties of Highloft Nonwoven Fabric Using Static Force Loading, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA.
  17. Jaikumar, S., Bhatti, S.K., and Srinivas, V., 2018, Effect of catalyst on transesterification of Niger seed oil methyl ester, International Journal of Mechanical and Production Engineering Research and Development, 8 (3), pp.309-316.
  18. ASTM D1298-12b, 2017, Standard Test Method for Density, Relative Density, or API Gravity of Crude Petroleum and Liquid Petroleum Products by Hydrometer Method, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA.
  19. ASTM D4809-18, 2018, Standard Test Method for Heat of Combustion of Liquid Hydrocarbon Fuels by Bomb Calorimeter (Precision Method), ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA.
  20. ASTM D445-18, 2018, Standard Test Method for Kinematic Viscosity of Transparent and Opaque Liquids (and Calculation of Dynamic Viscosity), ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA.
  21. ASTM D92-18, 2018, Standard Test Method for Flash and Fire Points by Cleveland Open Cup Tester, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA.
  22. ASTM D976-06(2016), 2016, Standard Test Method for Calculated Cetane Index of Distillate Fuels, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA.
  23. ASTM D97-17b, 2017, Standard Test Method for Pour Point of Petroleum Products, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA.
  24. ASTM D130-19, 2019, Standard Test Method for Corrosiveness to Copper from Petroleum Products by Copper Strip Test, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA.
  25. Cecrle, E., Depcik, C., Duncan, A., Guo, J., Mangus, M., Peltier, E., Stagg-Williams, S. and Zhong, Y., 2012, Investigation of the effects of biodiesel feedstock on the performance and emissions of a single-cylinder diesel engine ,Energy & Fuels, 26(4), pp.2331-2341.
  26. Pukale, D.D., Maddikeri, G.L., Gogate, P.R., Pandit, A.B. and Pratap, A.P., 2015, Ultrasound assisted transesterification of waste cooking oil using heterogeneous solid catalyst, Ultrasonics sonochemistry, 22, pp.278-286.
  27. Encinar, J.M., González, J.F. and Rodríguez-Reinares, A., 2007, Ethanolysis of used frying oil. Biodiesel preparation and characterization, Fuel processing technology, 88(5), pp.513-522.
  28. Lin, L., Ying, D., Chaitep, S. and Vittayapadung, S., 2009, Biodiesel production from crude rice bran oil and properties as fuel, Applied Energy, 86(5), pp.681-688.
  29. Alptekin, E. and Canakci, M., 2010, Optimization of pretreatment reaction for methyl ester production from chicken fat, Fuel, 89(12), pp.4035-4039.