Document Type : Research Note


1 Department of Physics and Solar Energy, Bowen University, Iwo, Nigeria

2 Department of Chemistry and Industrial Chemistry, Bowen University, Iwo, Nigeria


Solar distiller was constructed and tested in this study. The purpose is to get a portable water from nearly any source available in a relatively cheaper means using a renewable solar energy. The result obtained clearly confirmed the reliability of this method to provide portable water especially in a rural area of developing country like Nigeria where the supply of fresh water is inadequate. A local dirty stream that is constantly throughout the year served as the source of the brackish water was used for this work. Sample taken from this stream was distilled using the constructed double slope solar distiller. The incoming solar radiation from the sun is focused and concentrated on to solar water distillation unit. Analyzing the sample of the distillate, the pH value of the brackish feed water was 9.20 ±1.10 while that of the distillate was 8.10 ±1.06, which falls within the WHO limits of 6.5-8.5 for drinkable water.


  1. Dwivedi, V.K. and Tiwari, G.N., 2010. Experimental validation of thermal model of a double slope active solar still under natural circulation mode. Desalination, 250(1): 49-55.
  2. Murugavel, K.K. and Srithar, K., 2011. Performance study on basin type double slope solar still with different wick materials and minimum mass of water. Renewable Energy, 36(2):612-620.
  3. Rajaseenivasan, T. and Murugavel, K.K., 2013. Theoretical and experimental investigation on double basin double slope solar still. Desalination, 319: 25-32.
  4. Oyewole, J.A., 2018. Design and Development of Solar Crop Dryer Integrated with Oil Bath. Iranian Journal of Energy and Environment; previously called: Iranica Journal of Energy & Environment, 9(4): 277-283.
  5. Sampathkumar, K., Arjunan, T.V., Pitchandi, P. and Senthilkumar, P., 2010. Active solar distillation—A detailed review. Renewable and sustainable energy reviews, 14(6): 1503-1526.
  6. Reali, M. and Modica, G., 2008. Solar stills made with tubes for sea water desalting. Desalination, 220(1-3): 626-632.
  7. Tarawneh, M.S.K., 2007. Effect of water depth on the performance evaluation of solar still. Jordan Journal of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, 1(1): 23 - 29.
  8. Medugu, D.W. and Ndatuwong, L.G., 2009. Theoretical analysis of water distillation using solar still. International Journal of Physical Sciences, 4(11): 705-712.