Use of an Eletrokinetic Remediated Soil as a Road Subgrade Material

Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Civil Engineering, Nigerian Defence Academy, Kaduna, Nigeria

2 Department of Civil Engineering, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria


The soil investigated for suitability checks, as a subgrade material in this study, was a crude oil contaminated (COC) soil treated using an electrokinetic technique. The index properties and compaction characteristics of the electrokinetic remediated (EKR) soil are natural moisture content was 10.97%; The Atterberg limit test showed liquid limit, plastic limit, plasticity index and linear shrinkage of 36.50%, 22.05%,14.45 %, and 4.30%, respectively. The percentage of 62.80% passes 0.075mm sieve with a maximum dry density (MDD) of 1.77 Mg/m3, and the moisture content decreased from 13.2% to 11.81%. The soil is classified as A-6 according to AASHTO classification system and belong to clay of low plasticity CL or OL group according to the Unified Soil Classification System. The unconfined compression strength, (UCS), durability, and California bearing ratio (CBR) of the electrokinetic remediated soil improved marginally from 46.63kN/m2 to 92.64kN/m2; from 18% to 23%; and from 2.55% to 4.05% respectively. However, these results obtained, do not meet the minimum requirement of the Nigerian General Specification. As a result, it is advised for further research, that an EKR soil be stabilized using cement stabilization to achieve the desired subgrade strength.


Main Subjects

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