Document Type : Research Note
Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Biskra, Biskra, Algeria
Laboratoire de Génie Mécanique (LGM), Faculty of Technology, University of Biskra 07000, Algeria
This numerical and experimental work aims to improve the heat transfer inside a solar thermal collector. By incorporating rectangular baffles in the middle of the distributed air passing channel at different angles of inclination (ß= 90°, ß= 180°, ß= 180° and ß= 90°). That is called the model H. These experiments were carried out in the Biskra region of Algeria in good natural conditions with an average solar radiation approximately constant I= 869 W/m2 varying from 11:30 to 14:00. After the completion of the experimental investigation, a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) model was created that matches this experimental model with the same experimental boundary conditions. In the numerical study, ANSYS Fluent 18.1 was used to conduct simulations and compare the results of the thermal and hydraulic performance of the collector. It was concluded that the effectiveness of the CFD model, meaning that the theoretical and numerical data were very close to each other for all mass flow rates. As the mass flow increased the heat transfer process increased, while the absorber plate temperature inside the collector for experimental and numerical studies decreased. Addition of baffles increased heat transfer, due to the creation of turbulent flow that leads to crack the dead thermal layers near the absorber plate, which leads to an increase in heat transfer from the absorber plate to the air.