Document Type : Original Article
Department of Electrical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Soegijapranata Catholic University, Semarang 50234, Indonesia
Renewable energy is energy that can be used indefinitely. As a result, renewable energy sources such as solar photovoltaics developed. Conventional converters, typically used to connect the microgrid to the battery, only change the voltage. To link the microgrid to the battery, bidirectional converters are required. A bidirectional converter is available in a variety of configurations. The control structure is highly sophisticated to obtain a satisfactory output. This article proposes a bidirectional DC-DC buck-boost converter for controlling current in DC microgrids, solar systems, and loads. A bidirectional DC-DC Buck-Boost converter is required to transmit and receive energy from the battery to the DC microgrid. When voltage is sent to the DC microgrid, the battery voltage is reduced. Otherwise, the charging voltage is increased when a battery is charged by voltage. This converter produces a better output voltage than an AC-DC Buck-Boost Converter, and its switching frequency is double that of typical converters. The modified DC-DC converter has the simplest form and the advantage of having the highest responsiveness.