Thermoeconomic Analysis of Solar Chimney and Wind Turbine Application to Help Generate Electricity in a Trigeneration Cycle

Document Type : Original Article

Authors

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran

Abstract

The main purpose of this study is to evaluate the thermodynamic and economic performance of using a solar chimney and wind turbine to help generate electricity in a multigeneration system. The proposed system is designed to generate power, heating, cooling, hot water, and steam. Parametric studies were conducted to evaluate the effects of various parameters such as Brayton cycle turbine inlet pressure, organic Rankine cycle turbine inlet temperature, solar radiation, wind speed, and absorption refrigeration cycle evaporator temperature on the system efficiency. The effects of these parameters on the energy, exergy, and economic efficiencies of the whole system were investigated. The results showed that the highest energy efficiency and total exergy of the multigeneration system were 22.12% and 11.4%, respectively. Also, the total power generation capacity of the studied system was calculated to be 2103 kW. The results also depicted that the highest rate of exergy destruction for the main components of the system is found in the parabolic dish solar collector. Increasing the turbine inlet pressure, the average wind velocity of the wind turbine and, evaporator temperature increasing of absorption refrigeration cycle has a positive effect on the efficiency of the proposed system.

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