Document Type : Review paper
Saba Power and Energy Group, Tehran, Iran
Department of Biosystem Engineering, Tarbiat Modares University (TMU), Tehran, Iran
Faculty of Management and Accounting, Allameh Tabataba'i University, Tehran, Iran
Energy democracy policymakers pay attention to planning to the formation of energy markets and exchanges of energy regions, diversification of energy resources, especially renewable resources, and global challenges due to greenhouse gas emissions. Over the introduction of concepts related to sustainable development, energy planning at the international level finds its place and goals in the direction of sustainable development, i.e., economic, social, environmental, and institutional dimensions. Energy democracy designs equations of great powers over energy with the aims of Resist, Reclaim, Restructure. This research focuses on free governments and energy democracy and the integration of priorities and methods to improve energy policy and analysis. No one policy instrument in isolation significantly impacts the energy democracy agenda. instead, all policies are essential for increasing this aim. They created new policy tools, supporting efforts to end fossil fuel dependence and connecting them to renewable energy. This research provides a starting point for improving the visibility of the energy democracy movement and constructing appropriate policies for different renewable energy transition options.