Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Chemical Engineering, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran

2 Faculty of Chemical, Petroleum and Gas Engineering, Semnan University, Semnan, Iran


The nanofluid-based gas hydrate formation process employing copper oxide (CuO) nanoparticles have been experimentally investigated in this work. Different concentrations of nanofluids are injected into the reactor at the operating condition of 29 bar, 274.15 K, and impeller speed of 100 rpm. It was observed that the kinetics of the carbon dioxide hydrate formation process was greatly affected by the nanoparticles. The remarkable point was that at a very low concentration of 20 ppm, a considerable improvement on the carbon dioxide hydrate formation kinetic without using any surfactant was obtained. At the concentration of 20 ppm, the values of the initial rate of hydrate formation, growth time, and induction time were 0.0495, 194.5, and 4.4 min, respectively, which these results can be of great importance for the use of carbon dioxide hydrate in various industries. The results indicated that the kinetics of gas hydrate formation was also severely influenced by the impeller speed and initial gas pressure. The rate of CO2 captured in the hydrate crystalline lattice is also modeled by the first-order kinetic model. It was seen that this model can be used to predict the rate of hydrate formation with considerable accuracy.


Main Subjects

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