Production of Fuels From High Density Polyethylene and Low Density Polyethylene Plastic Wastes via Pyrolysis Methods (Research Note)

Document Type: Original Article

Authors

1 School of Postgraduate Studies, Diponegoro University, Semarang, Indonesia

2 Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Diponegoro University, Semarang, Indonesia

3 Department of Industrial Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Diponegoro University, Semarang, Indonesia

Abstract

The composition of fuel production per litre from polyethylene waste via pyrolysis was determined through thermal degradation. Compositions of fuels from high density polyethylene/low density polyethylene (HDPE/LDPE) pyrolysis were naphta, gasoline, and active carbon as residues. The pyrolysis process was carried out at 450-621°C without any catalyst and quantitative analysis method was conducted by using GC-MS. The product of 5 kg pyrolysis HDPE are 3.25 litres of naphta; 0.85 litre of gasoline; 0.325 litre of diesel fuel; and 18.06 grams of active carbon. Then the product of 5 kg pyrolysis LDPE are 0.5 litres of naphta; 2.9 litres of gasoline; 0,1 litre of diesel fuel; and 19 grams of active carbon.

Keywords