Sustainable Storm Water Management by Predicting Climate Change using Fuzzy Neural Network and GIS

Document Type: Original Article

Authors

1 1Environmental Researcher, Linnaeus University, Växjö

2 Department of Biology and Environmental Science, Linnaeus University, Kalmar

Abstract

Analysis of urban climate changing is the basis for the implementation of storm water management
measurements. Climate tensions such as changing precipitation patterns, fluctuations in temperature, and
extreme events are already affecting water resources. For instance, precipitation pattern will be changed due
to more water vapor in the atmosphere. Hence, it will not be evenly distributed. Some places will see more
rain, others will get less snow. However, climate changes, such as the amount, timing, and intensity of rain
events, in combination with land development, can significantly affect the amount of storm water runoff that
needs to be managed. Firstly, this essay will be discussed about the prediction of climate change using a fuzzy
neural network (FNN) and it shows the accuracy of this method for anticipating storm water. Secondly, based
on the results of the first phase, it determines the critical area for preparing storm water systems with the
application of GIS tools and technology.

Keywords