Analysis of the Wind Resources in Saharan Atlas of Algeria: Adrar Region as a Case Study

Document Type : Review paper


1 Unite de Recherche en Energies Renouvelables en Milieu Saharien, Centre de Développement des Energies Renouvelables, Adrar, Algeria

2 Unit of Research on Materials and Renewable Energies, Department of Physics, Faculty of Sciences, Abou Bakr Belkaid University, Tlemcen, Algeria

3 Department of Technology, University Centre of Naama, Naama, Algeria


An objective analysis of the wind atlas map of the region of Adrar (Algeria) at a height of 10 meters above ground is essential, in order to classify these velocities according to the Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) classification, and then to develop the separation velocity map. The present work is conducted in the region of Adrar to determine the monthly, seasonal, and annual energy generated by the Whisper200 wind turbine by using the Rayleigh distribution and the wind data recorded every three hours from January 1st, 1961 to December 31st, 2018. From the obtained findings, the northeast region of Adrar is a suitable region for wind applications. The surface of this area is equal to 16587 km², where two sites are located (Kaberten and Aougroute). However, the second PNL class is divided into seven zones. The wind speed in this region (2nd PNL class) is favourable for the setup of isolated wind turbines or hybrid systems. The following cities are located in this region (2nd PNL class): Adrar, Aoulef, Bordj Baji Mokthar, Timaiaouine, Regagne, and Timimoune.


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