More Secure Iranian Energy System: A Markal Based Energy Security Model for Iranian Energy Demand-side

Document Type : Original Article


Department of Energy Engineering and Physics, Amirkabir University of Technology (Tehran Polytechnic), Tehran, Iran


As the world’s seventeenth-largest economy and a significant exporter of fossil fuels, the choice of future energy paths and policies that Iran will pursue over the next three decades will have a considerable impact on global energy security as a whole. Especially the eastern region. This article describes the current situation and recent trends in Iran’s energy sector, including demand and supply-side fuel sector. This paper discusses the state of current energy policy in Iran, focusing on changing the situation, developing and deploying renewable energy, liberalizing energy markets, and developing Iran’s energy sector. In the final part of the article, discussed Iran Long Range Alternative Energy Planning Software System dataset, several alternative energy paths for Iran’s energy demand side, emphasize alternative pathways to diversify energy and power. The expansion of GHG emissions and emissions reductions and the Iranian economy’s oil dependence is less - and address Iran’s current energy policy issues, as reflected in inputs and modeling results.


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