Adsorption Isotherms and Kinetics of Lead and Cadmium Ions: Comparative Studies Using Modified Melon (Citrullus colocynthis) Husk

Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Civil Engineering, Federal University Otuoke, Otuoke, Nigeria

2 Department of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria


Growth in population has caused a corresponding increase in agricultural production which consequently led to an increase in agricultural wastes or byproducts. This is sometimes difficult to manage and may pose a menace to the society if not properly disposed. Hence, this research investigated the efficacy of utilizing agricultural byproduct (melon husk) in removing Pb2+ and Cd2+ from wastewaters so as to prevent their deleterious impact on ecosystem and public health. This was achieved by treating tannery effluents with melon husks modified with H3PO4, NaOH and CH4N2O. Results showed that, the Freundlich and Langmuir adsorption capacities on the modified melon husks ranged from 0.1403 – 1.551 mg/g and 0.1499 – 0.6013 mg/g, respectively. Also, the R2 values for Pseudo 1st and 2nd order rate constants ranged from 0.0272 – 0.2391 and 0.9112 – 0.9958, respectively. Hence, it was concluded that the modified melon husks followed Freundlich isotherm model as well as Pseudo-2nd order kinetics and could be effectively used to remove Pb2+ and Cd2+ from wastewater.