Assessment of Environmental Impact and Formation Factor for Triple Blend Concrete

Document Type: Original Article


Department of Civil Engineering, National Institute of Technology Raipur, Chhattisgarh, India


The assessment of environmental impact on concrete is an important aspect for its durability. The use of supplementary cementitious materials (SCMs) in the concrete can be enhanced the durability. This makes concrete sustainable and reduced environmental issues. In this research paper illustrate the experimental study on the performance of triple blend concrete made up of fly ash (FA) and rice husk ash (RHA) along with ordinary Portland cement (OPC). The current research the concrete composition was used as 20, 30 and 40% cement replacement by FA and RHA. The durability properties such as ultrasonic pulse velocity (UPV), electrical resistivity (ER), water absorption and carbonation depth of triple blend concrete were determined, and for microstructure performance formation factor and Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) were performed. The improvement in durability was observed up to 40% replacement of cement. The durability of concrete improves with increase in formation factor. The SEM images proved the improvement in particle packing of concrete.